Saint Matilda of Saxony:
was the daughter of Count Dietrich of Westphalia and Reinhild of Denmark.
She was also known as Mechtildis and Maud. She was raised by her grandmother,
the Abbess of Eufurt convent.
Matilda married Henry the Fowler, son of Duke Otto of Saxony, in the
year 909. He succeeded his father as Duke in the year 912 and in 919
succeeded King Conrad I to the German throne. She was noted for her
piety and charitable works. She was widowed in the year 936, and supported
her son Henry's claim to his father's throne.
son Otto (the Great) was elected, she persuaded him to name Henry
Duke of Bavaria after he had led an unsuccessful revolt. She was severely
criticized by both Otto and Henry for what they considered her extravagant
charities. She resigned her inheritance to her sons, and retired to
her country home but was called to the court through the intercession
of Otto's wife, Edith.
Henry again revolted, Otto put down the insurrection in the year 941
with great cruelty. Matilda censored Henry when he began another revolt
against Otto in the year 953 and for his ruthlessness in suppressing
a revolt by his own subjects; at that time she prophesized his imminent
death. When he did die in 955, she devoted herself to building three
convents and a monastery, was left in charge of the kingdom when Otto
went to Rome in 962 to be crowned Emperor (often regarded as the beginning
of the Holy Roman Empire), and spent most of the declining years of
her life at the convent at Nordhausen she had built. She died at the
monastery at Quedlinburg on March 14 and was buried there with Henry.
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